Los Angeles Mayor
The mayor is like the CEO of Los Angeles. mayor is given the authority to appoint general managers and commissioners, remove officials from city posts, and is required to propose a budget each year. The Mayor also has the power to veto city council legislation. The Mayor of Los Angeles can only serve two four year terms.
Los Angeles City Council
City Council: The city council is the governing body of the city of Los Angeles. Their responsibilities include: levies, taxes, public improvement projects i.e. parks, city zoning, affordable housing, potholes, as well deciding budgets for the police department and other city bureaucracy.. The city is also in charge of traffic regulations (including whether or not the traffic light camera go into a certain area and if they are enforced). The council also confirms or rejects the Mayor’s appointment.
City Controller: Directs the financial activities of Los Angeles. This includes planning procurement and investment, as well as paying the cities bills. The controller supervises over the accounts of all offices, departments, boards and employees of the City charged in any manner with the receipt, collection or disbursement of the money of the City. The city controller have four year terms.
City Attorney: The City Attorney acts as Los Angeles lawyer as well as prosecutes low level crimes such as misdemeanors. Examples include enforcing laws that make sure people are not smoking inside clubs, are making sure women’s clinic are compliant with ordinances about posting is medical professionals work at the facility or not.
School Board: School board members are responsible for approving budgets, contracts, new hires, new curricula and appointing the superintendent who takes cares of the day to day operations of the district. Currently LAUSD budget is over 6 billion dollars, and represents over 600,000 students and almost 90,000 employees in over 900 schools and 187 public charter schools. School board members serve four year terms.
Judges: interpret state and local law, hand out penalties to those convicted of crimes, and rule on civil dispute. Depending on the particular judge position, they are no term limits. At the federal level, judges are appointed and are lifetime appointments. These judges are usually picked from elected judges.
District Attorney: The district attorney determines and prosecutes felony and some misdemeanor crimes that occur within the jurisdiction of Los Angeles County. This includes determining if police officers should or should not be charged.
Los Angeles County Supervisors: Supervisors are the governing body of Los Angeles County. They act as mayor to residents living in incorporated areas as well as create policy and budgets for county government agencies (i.e like the public health department, metro and sheriff department). They also have the responsibility of appointing people to various county commissions and committees. County supervisors terms are four years, and have a max of serving three terms.
Sheriff: The sheriff department operates the county jail system and provides services like homicide investigation and crime laboratories. In addition, the sheriff’s department holds primary jurisdiction in unincorporated parts of Los Angeles, and some local parks, marinas, and government building. Los Angeles County Sheriff’s department is the second largest police force in the nation.
Assemblymember: assemblymembers act much like house of representatives members just inside California. Members author legislation for various state issues such as health, environment, policing, education, insurance and more. Members also vote on California’s budget, one of the largest budgets in the world. They are 80 members in California’s lower house, each representing over 450,000 constituents. Terms are for two years with the maximum amount allowed served is 12 years.
State Senator: state senators act very much like federal senators within California. They represent slightly larger areas than assemblymembers, with about a population of 930,000. Senators author legislation for various state issues such as health, environment, policing, education, insurance and more. Senators also vote on California’s budget, one of the largest budgets in the world. They are 40 members of State senate, that serve 4 years terms with the maximum allowed of 12 years total.
Governor: California governor is much like California’s chief executive officer, or like the president. The governor is charged with proposing a budget that has to be approved by the state houses, as well as appointment people to various commission and boards. The governor also has the power to veto legislation.
U.S. Senator: is the legislative chamber of the upper house for the United States. Each state has two senators that represent the state, regardless of population. The senate power includes the same duties as congress representatives as well as consenting to treaties, confirming appointments of federal judges, cabinet secretaries and other federal executive officials. Senators serve 6 year terms with no term limits.
House of Representatives: is the lower house of the United States government. It’s duties include introduction of bills and resolutions on various issues and subjects. California has 53 representatives in congress. Representatives serve 2 year terms with no term limits.